bias

sewing fabric grain definition by sewing school sewingschool.org

In sewing, bias refers to a 45 degree angle from the crosswise or lengthwise grain of the fabric. Cutting fabric on the bias grain will produce a piece of fabric with more flexibility than that cut on the lengthwise or crosswise of the grain. Bias binding is cut this way. It is often used to bind raw edges of fabric and goes around curves more easily than fabric cut on grain.

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